Fortifications were built as part of a defensive system during the Middle Ages and even in the early modern period in the Northern Netherlands. Only a few examples remain today, because most were demolished in the 19th century as a consequence of new techniques in warfare. Many cities broke down their walls after the law on the use of fortresses (vestingwet) was abolished in 1874. Apart from certain castles that were constructed specifically for defensive purposes, some beautiful specimens have been preserved or rebuilt, for example, in Bourtange (Groningen), Naarden, and Willemstad (Northern Brabant).

Historical Dictionary of the Netherlands. . 2012.

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